how to say “economy” in Hebrew
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The Modern-Hebrew word for economy and the study of economics is כַּלְכָּלָה.
An associated (active-intensive פִּעֵל) verb is לְכַלְכֵּל - to provide for, appearing in the Torah portion to be read this Shabbat by Jews around the world, as Joseph tells his brothers:
You may also be familiar with the verb לכלכל from the Jewish prayer book:
מְכַלְכֵּל חַיִים בְּחֶסֶד…
He sustains the living with kindness…
כ.ל.כ.ל (k.l.k.l), the four-letter root of כלכלה and לכלכל , probably derives from a better-known root, כ.ו.ל (k.w.l) meaning all or all-encompassing.
Riding on the concept of providing all that is necessary, the word כלכלה in the times of the Mishnah referred to a basket of full of produce. And today, כלכלה also refers to board as in room and board.