how do you say “the Spanish Inquisition” in Hebrew?
The Modern-Hebrew word for Spain is ספרד , though the name in Biblical Hebrew refers to a land far away from Israel, most likely in present-day western Turkey (Wikipedia). In Mishnaic times the land that is today Spain was called אספמיה , probably a Phoenician version of the Hebrew אי השפנים – the Island of Rabbits (or rabbit-like creatures), evolving into Hispania and then Spain (Wikipedia).
In any case, in 1492 while Columbus was off cruising in the Bahamas, the Jews were being tortured, killed and expelled from Spain. Israeli historians chose the latter act as the primary one when describing this series of events, calling it גירוש ספרד – the Spanish Expulsion.
The Spanish Inquisition (Expulsion) was a difficult chapter in Jewish History.
גירוש is an abstract-noun form of the active-intensive verb לגרש – to expel.