how to say “two hundred (shekel discount)” in Hebrew

how to say “two hundred (shekel discount)” in Hebrew

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this week’s video dose of Hebrew!

In Western languages such as English, Spanish, German, etc, we add a number from 1-10 before a multiple of 100. For example: one hundred, two hundred, three hundred, etc.

the Dust Bowl of the 1930’s American countryside

In Hebrew and other languages, the second item in such a count gets a special name that ends with the sound AH-yeem.

An example from the Torah portion

to be read this Shabbat by Jews around the world:

כִּי-זֶה שְׁנָתַיִם הָרָעָב, בְּקֶרֶב הָאָרֶץ; וְעוֹד חָמֵשׁ שָׁנִים, אֲשֶׁר אֵין חָרִישׁ וְקָצִיר (בְּרֵאשִׁית מ”ה:ו’)
For two years now there has been a famine in the land, and for the next five years there will not be plowing and reaping (Genesis 45:6)

Here the word שְׁנָתַיִם means two years. Compare it with the others in the list below to see the difference:

שָׁנָה אַחַתone year
שְׁנָתִים two years
שָׁלֹש שָׁנִיםthree years
אַרְבַּע שָׁנִיםfour years
חָמֵשׁ שָׁנִיםfive years
שֵׁשׁ שָׁנִיםsix years
שֶׁבַע שָׁנִיםseven years
שְׁמוֹנֶה שָׁנִיםeight years
תֵּשַׁע שָׁנִיםnine  years
עֶשֶׂר שָׁנִיםten years

This AH-eem ending indicates other multiples of two in the Hebrew language, such as:

עֵינַיִם eyes

גִּבְעָתַיִם two hills
(name of a city adjacent to Tel Aviv)

מָאתַיִם two hundred

Here’s that last word used in a sentence:

מִי שֶׁנִּרְשָׁם לְקוּרְס שֶׁלָּנוּ עַד יוֹם רִאשׁוֹן, מְקַבֵּל הֲנָחָה שֶׁל מָאתַיִם שְׁקָלִים.
Whoever registers for a course of ours by Sunday gets a 200-shekel discount.
Note: The AH-eem ending indicates a doubling, but it is not used for all nouns.

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After having studied literature and linguistics on the bachelors level and psychology on the masters, Ami decided to draw upon his hobby of learning languages, his understanding of human thought processes and his skill of explaining complex ideas in simple terms, to found a program that enables people to speak Hebrew with confidence.

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